The general structure of a utility trailer is simple. This construction consists of a flatbed that may include walls and a roof. There are more advanced variations that include features such as built-in ramps, special tops and even tailgates. However, the basic structure will determine the performance and durability of the trailer. If you are planning on acquiring a custom trailer, you must consider different factors, especially the structural strength. This is critical because utility trailers are primarily built to handle heavy loads. Here are the primary design considerations to help you get the right custom trailer with regard to strength.
Trailer Structural Material
The most important aspect for custom trailer design with regard to strength is probably the construction material. Therefore, you should make certain that your fabricator can provide the highest quality metals for your applications. In general, utility trailers are made from either steel or aluminium. Steel is the structurally stronger option; it can withstand heavy weight and general mechanical impact without sustaining detrimental damage. This is a valuable property in utility trailers intended for commercial applications. On the other hand, if you do not plan to handle heavy-duty materials, aluminium is suitable. The lighter material weight makes it easier to haul around.
Structural Joining Techniques
The trailer structure is not moulded into a single unit during fabrication. Generally, different components are created and joined together to form the custom trailer. Therefore, special techniques are required to create the bonds, and your choice can determine the strength of the utility trailer. There are two important joining techniques which are suitable: bolting and welding. The latter technique is favoured for stronger structures because the bond created is permanent. In simple terms, the joint will not loosen over time or accidentally detach. On the other hand, bolted components are easier to dismantle and perform repairs. If you would like this option, ensure that accessories such as lock nuts and keys are used to increase the trailer strength.
The layout design of the utility trailer will affect the general stability and strength. Therefore, you should consider hiring a trailer designer or engineer to help you establish the best specifications for your custom product. There are some important aspects that the expert can help you determine. For example, the length of the trailer tongue should be long to provide clearance for the vehicle and allow efficient turning. In addition, the axle should be placed appropriately, usually behind the trailer centre, for better weight support and distribution.